Assessing the impact of residential segregation and nativity status on health among Hispanic Households in New vs. Established Destinations along the Rural-Urban Continuum

Penn State Researchers:

Raeven Chandler

Additional Researchers:

Shannon Monnat, Syracuse University

Coverage Expansion, Provider Payment, and Patient Experience of Access to Care in Medicaid

Penn State Researchers:

Jeah Jung
Joel Segel
Chelim Cheong
Neeraj Bhandari
Andrew Shooshotari

Assessing Relationships between Food Insecurity, SNAP Participation, and Children's Health Outcomes among Hispanic Households in New vs. Established Destinations along the Rural-Urban Continuum

Penn State Researchers:

Jennifer Van Hook
Raeven Chandler
Leif Jensen

Additional Researchers:

Shannon Monnat, Syracuse University

Costs of Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance Coverage for Individuals and Families: Implications for Insurance Coverage in Working Families

Additional Researchers:

Eric Roberts, University of Pittsburgh
Julie Donohue, University of Pittbsburgh

Testing New Constructs in Innovation and Entrepreneurship to Inform Census Data Collection Efforts

Penn State Researchers:

Stephan Goetz
Zheng Tian
Elizabeth Dobis

Additional Researchers:

Anil Rupasingha, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Tim Wojan, U.S. Department of Agriculture

Neighborhood and Metropolitan Racial Differences in Rental Property Management

Additional Researchers:

Elizabeth Korver-Glenn, University of New Mexico
Ellen Whitehead, Rice University
Junia Howell, University of Pittsburgh

Ethnicity and Interview Language in the NCVS: An Analysis of Response Patterns, Data Quality, and Experiences with Crime

Penn State Researchers:

Eric Baumer
Kelsey Cundiff
Jonathan Dirlam

An Empirical Study of Franchising

Penn State Researchers:

Charles Murry
Peter Newberry

Neighborhood Income and Material Hardship in the United States

Penn State Researchers:

John Iceland
Claire Kovach

The Impact of Community Mental Health Centers on Labor Market Outcomes

Additional Researchers:

Jessica LaVoice, University of Pittsburgh
Mallory Avery, University of Pittsburgh
Allison Shertzer, University of Pittsburgh

Firm Level Adjustment of U.S. Food Firms to Globalization

Additional Researchers:

Pinar Geylani, Duquesne
Spito Stefanou, University of Florida

Description:

This project analyzes food manufacturing firms’ adjustment to globalizations by investigating the linkages among productivity, exports and imports, and the role of mergers and acquisitions on firms’ decisions to conduct arm’s length transactions as opposed to intra-firm trade. To investigate these relations, the researchers will link firms by utilizing the Longitudinal Firm Trade Transactions database (LFTTD) and using a variety of economics data sets: the Census of Manufactures (CMF), the Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM), the Longitudinal Business Database (LBD), the Ownership Change Database (OCD), and the Foreign Trade Data – Exports (EXP) and Imports (IMP). This project will shed light on the impact of trade in the following areas of the food manufacturing industry: 1) changes in product mix and product proliferation as well as changes in employment due to import competition and trade reforms; 2) the relationship between mergers and acquisitions and firms’ decisions to engage in arm’s length vs. intra-firm trade; 3) productivity differences between firms engaged in trade relative to those that are not; and, 4) innovation and product differentiation as engines for growth which promote competitiveness (measured as “returns to factors of production”).

International Buyer-Seller Matches

Penn State Researchers:

James Tybout
Yingyan Zhao

Additional Researchers:

Cornell Krizan, U.S. Census Bureau
Daniel Xu, Duke University
David Jinkins, Copenhagen Business School
Jonathan Eaton, Brown University
Chuhang Yin, Duke University
Yilin Jiang, Duke University

Description:

"International Buyer-Seller Matches" (NSFGrant SES-142664) has three basic objectives. The first is to increase the usefulness of the Census Bureau's international trade statistics. This involves assessing the quality and possible biases of the shipment-level data that lie behind them, and it involves creating some new data sets that bring together shipment-level and firm-level information. The second objective is to calculate and analyze descriptive statistics that characterize the formation and maturation of cross-border business relationships, again using shipment-level and firm-level data. The final objective is to develop structural empirical models of international matching and network formation that allow us to address some policy-relevant questions that have received little attention. For example, how important are search frictions in limiting the gains from international buyer-seller matching? How much, if at all, have these gains grown with improvements in international communications over the past 20 years? Could it be that network effects make private investments in search sub-optimally low or high? And how important are the hysteresis effects in trade flows created by gradual adjustments in network structures?

Offshoring and Innovation: How Large are the Benefits of Co-Location?

Penn State Researchers:

Stephen Yeaple

Additional Researchers:

Wolfgang Keller, University of Colorado, Boulder
Teresa Fort, Dartmouth
Peter Schott, Yale
Jacob Howard, University of Colorado, Boulder
Xiang Ding, Harvard

Description:

With the increase in globalization, research and development (R&D) and production are increasingly separated across both firm and country boundaries. Our research project is to investigate the extent to which this growing fragmentation affects the private and social return to R&D. To answer this question, we have assembled a firm-level dataset from several Census resources, including the Census of Manufacturing (CMF), the transaction–level trade data (LFTTD), and the R&D survey data (SIRD & BRDIS). Additionally, we have merged patent ownership to the firms in this dataset. We infer changes in the return to R&D caused by the offshoring that was induced by China’s entry into the WTO.